Important Laws That Protect The Women’s Right in India
India is a very beautiful nation with numerous cultures and traditions of which many consider women as their Goddess. In spite of this it can be seen how crimes against women are increasing day by day. The safety of women is at hazard. It is pathetic how every single day a crime in the form of molestation, assault or abuse are faced by women and some come to light many do not fearing their social, financial and economical status. Crimes against women not only happen outside with strangers but also inside their own homes by people they very well know. Very common crimes that occur against women these days are rape, sexual abuse at workplace and even at home, abduction, dowry death, domestic violence, child trafficking, child marriages etc. The constitution of India has given gender equality, freedom from discrimination yet these grave incidents take place every day which shakes the nation. Article 15 (3) of the constitution of India has laid down that the legislature can make any special laws for women and children. The apex government in our country has laid down various laws which protects women. It is mandatory that every woman, domestic or NRI Woman must know their rights so that they do not suffer in the dark. It is also necessary for them to have the best advocate by their side when they fight for their cause. Adv. Bindu Dubey is one of the finest domestic violence lawyer in Navi Mumbai. She will guide her client in a very calm and composed manner by assessing all the facts, issues and framing appropriate arguments to win the case.
There are various laws which protect women and it is highly necessary for everyone to know these few as Acts with respect to the crimes that are increasing rapidly day by day.
THE PROHIBITION OF CHILD MARRIAGE ACT OF 2006:
Studies have shown that India ranks 13 among that nation which has high child marriage rates. Girls before becoming eighteen are forced to marry and at times a man way too older. This Act was enacted in 2007. This Act states that the minimum marriage age for a girl is eighteen and for a boy is twenty – one. Parents and relatives who force their child to marry as child will face the punishment mentioned in this Act.
SPECIAL MARRIAGE ACT OF 1954:
The main aim of this Act is to put in place certain kinds of marriages. In our nation with many religions and ethnicity it is hard to put in place laws and provisions for all of them. Therefore, they tend to follow the provisions mentioned in the Special marriage Act. However, this law is not applicable to the Land of Jammu and Kashmir.
DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT OF 1961:
This Act simply states that giving and taking of dowry is a crime and offenders will be punished severely. Even though dowry has been banned and made illegal issues relating to this still persists. Women are being beaten up, tortured etc because their family cannot meet the dowry demands of the in – laws house.This is a very challenging issue and needs the utmost care and this Act must be put to full use.
INDIAN DIVORCE ACT OF 1969:
This Act simply lays the processes and procedures for getting a divorce. This has also laid various provisions which deals with the advantages that a woman can obtain after the divorce. Family courts have been established to hear and deal with such cases.
MATERNITY BENEFIT ACT OF 1861:
This Act puts forth the provisions for the employment of female workers and the benefits during maternity that has been compulsorily given by the law. This lays down laws and rules with respect to the leave during maternity, extra allowance, hospital needs, breaks for nursing etc.
MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY ACT OF 1971:
This Act has been amended twice in the years 1975 and 2002. The main purpose and aim of this Act are to control the abortions that happen illegally. This Act has put forth that only valid and qualified people will be allowed to conduct the abortions.
SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF WOMEN AT WORKPLACE ACT OF 2013:
The main three ingredients of this Act are Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal. This Act aims to make sure that women have a safe and secure environment in their work place. The sexual bullying at work place also includes verbal tones which has sexual tones, invading a female worker’s private space, Unconsented inappropriate touches etc.
INDECENT REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN ACT OF 1986:
This Act lays down the provision for the prohibition of portraying women in any indecent obscene manner in any form of publications such as Ads, prints, writings etc.
NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR WOMEN ACT OF 1990:
This has been established by the NCW which is a governmental body. This Act aims to provide women all over India with voice and power to speak up about their issues and problems. This Act aims to improve the overall lives of women and build them up financially, economically, physically independent.
EQUAL REMUNERATION ACT OF 1976:
The main objective of this Act is ‘Equal work, Equal Pay’. This act aims to abolish the Gender pay gap that is prevalent in India even now. This Act lays down provisions to abolish the gender discrimination in work place.
All the Acts, Laws, rules, regulations and provisions laid down by the Government and other authorities are very practical and complete in paper yet the real question arises as to if they are being put to full fledge use? When we see about that these laws are not being used to their full capacity. Advocates and opposition parties tend to find loopholes and manipulate to get what they desire. Therefore, laws have to be made more stricter as the safety of women must be the top concern in out nation. Adv. Bindu Dubey is one of the finest domestic violence lawyer in Mumbai who will with her full knowledge and capacity will try to bring justice to the victim of harassment, bullying, abuse and other forms of crime against women.